Gender Equality In The Workplace
In recent decades, many countries have made significant progress towards achieving gender equality in various aspects of the society, particularly in employment and education. However, there still exist incidences of gender disparities in various occupations and industries.
For instance, in many professions women continue to earn less than men, and are less likely to advance in their careers compared to men. Similarly, men still encounter more challenges in accessing family-friendly work policies, or flexible working arrangements compared to their women counterparts. Real gender equality in the workplace can only be attained when employees have access to and enjoy the same rewards, resources and opportunities regardless of whether they are a woman or a man.
All human beings have the right to work and the same employment opportunities. Business organizations should therefore strive towards the removal of barriers to the full and equal participation of men and women in the workforce. The same criteria should be applied during the processes of selection and recruitment. Men and women should have equal chances to employment opportunities on the basis of their qualification and competence. Businesses should endeavor to provide unlimited access to all occupations and industries, including leadership roles for women and men.
Men and women also have rights to equal remuneration, benefits and treatment in respect of work of equal or comparable value. All workers should be accorded equal consideration in the evaluation and assessment of the quality of their work regardless of gender. Additionally, it is important for workplaces to provide equal opportunities when it comes to promotion, job security, and all benefits and conditions of service such as training and career advancement. With regard to social security, both men and women workers are entitled to paid leave and retirement benefits. They also have equal rights to protection of health and safe working conditions, including reproductive health.
Finally, workplaces should eliminate any forms of gender discrimination on the grounds of marital status, pregnancy or maternity, and in relation to family and caring responsibilities for both women and men. The necessary supporting social services and facilities should be put in place to enable parents to effectively combine family obligations with work responsibilities. The achievement of gender equality in the workplace is not only right and fair, but also very important for the productivity of a business organization and a nation. Research shows that companies with gender equality tend to perform better. This is because they have a diversity of talents and varied perspectives necessary for a more holistic analysis of issues facing the organization, leading to better decision-making and spurring greater collective effort towards implementing those decisions.